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Management of land and water

Water, nature, landscapes and soils are affected by:

  • Productive uses such as agriculture and forestry
  • Consumption
  • Transport
  • Recreation
  • Climate

Negative and positive externalities within all these areas can be regulated by introducing policies and changing management approaches. Important aspects in this context are the cost-effectiveness of the regulation, the fairness of the distribution of costs and benefits, and potential spatial differences. Both in Denmark and at the EU level, significant focus is directed at regulations and policies related to aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. As an example, EU’s Water Framework Directive stipulates that  all both marine and fresh water bodies should meet the criteria of good water quality. Differentiated and targeted regulation is in focus in the Danish implementation of the Water Framework Directive, as both effects, costs and benefits vary across different spatial locations.

Examples of themes and problems in focus are:

  • What are the socioeconomic consequences of new regulation or changed management practices? What are the costs and benefits?
  • Which policy instruments can be used and implemented to ensure the cost-effectiveness of regulation in different contexts?
  • How can practices of households, individuals, farmers or other actors be changes?

Ressource Flow

Circular economy is the principle that products and their ingredients are part of continuous circuits. For many years, our economy has been linear: we extract raw materials, produce products, consume - and throw out. Thus, an incredible number of resources are lost.

Circular economy is based on the concept of secondhand and recycling, so that the products are used several times or the materials are used in new products - again and again. Harmful ingredients have been eliminated and all production is based on renewable energy.

At the Department of Environmental Science, we investigate the environmental sustainability of society's activities. Our studies are carried out in collaboration across sectors and on different scales and in collaboration with the business community, authorities and civil society. For example, we are looking for answers to:

  • How we by preventing continuous flows of resources and emissions of greenhouse gasses can avoid breaking environment and nature
  • What analyzes and methods can help us promote economic activity that restores and preserves ecosystems and human health
  • Which analyzes are suitable for quantifying risks and assessing environmental impacts
  • Is a circular economy, rooted in circular resource flows, infrastructure and technological solutions, the way to achieving world goals; including the solution to global challenges such as climate change, declining natural resources and environmental degradation we face today