Modern biogas plant
Biomass is increasingly used as a source of energy production in Europe and in other developed countries. Presently this is composed of biomass that belongs to the agricultural food and feed group, and from forestry, as well as waste biomasses from agriculture, forestry, and industrial and household waste. The first group is increasingly viewed as a transitional measure towards the use of later generations of biomass conversion technology that build on waste biomasses.
Research challenges in this transition include:
The main challenges in bioenergy and biofuel research are related to engineering and technology development, environmental impact, and sustainability. In the SGA for Sustainable Energy, Climate and Society we mainly focus on the two latter, but closely related to the biotechnological development.