SINKS

SINKS project

Landscape

Denmark’s obligations

Denmark has taken on obligations to limit the emission of Greenhouse gasses in relation to the emission levels in 1990. These obligations concern the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the related Kyoto Protocol (KP).

Under the UNFCCC and the KP yearly emission inventories are carried out to report the Danish emissions according to the monitoring rules.  The reduction target for EU was during the first obligation period (2008-2012) 12 % for all member states and the Danish target was 21 %.  The target for second period is 20 % reduction since 1990 at the EU level. EU adopts this reduction target as one of the goals in the Climate and Energy Package, and an Effort Sharing Decision for this period decides a reduction target for Denmark of 20 % since 2005.  

Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)

The LULUCF-sector encompass sources and sinks of greenhouse gasses i relation to land use, including forest and agricultural land in rotation,  as well as permanent grassland, wetlands, urban land and natural areas. While the LULUCF sector is included in the monitoring framework for UNFCCC and the KP, it does not contribute to the internal EU reduction targets for 2020.

In addition to the mandatory inventory related to KP article 3.3 on afforestation and deforestation after 1990, Denmark decided on the implementation of KP article 3.4, which includes management of forests existing before 1990, as well as cropland management and grassland management, for fulfilling the Danish KP reduction obligations for the period 2008-12. This implies continued emission inventory for these activities in the second obligation period.

The SINKS project

With the aim of providing the yearly emission inventory and reporting for the first obligation period, the Danish Ministry for Climate and Energy made an agreement with the Danish Center for Environment and Energy (DCE) at Aarhus University (AU) to develop methods and build up routines for this purpose.  Other involved institutions were the Department of Agroecology (AU) and the Department of Geoscience and Natural resources (IGN) at University of Copenhagen. SINKS1 were carried out in 2008-2013, and during 2014-2022 SINKS2 will further develop, improve and validate methods for the inventory, and produce the yearly emissions. 

Publications

A list of publications from the SINKs 1 project can be found here, and from the SINKS2 project here.