The long-term EU goal is a reduction of GHG emissions by 80-95% in 2050 in relation to 1990. In Denmark, there is also a broad political consensus of a transition from the present mainly fossil fuel-based economy to a renewable energy economy with a long-term goal that society must be 100% fossil free in 2050.
To understand and assess resource and environmental impacts of this historic transition calls for further cross-disciplinary research in many fields such as energy, environment, health, economics, sociology and public policy etc. The Department of Environmental Science has strong competences within these research fields which serve as a basis for science-based consultancy within these areas.
Through DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy the Department of Environmental Science offers public sector consultancy and counselling of non-state institutions within the below listed areas:
Renewable Resource Potentials for Renewable Energy
Department of Environmental Science provides consultancy within energy potentials of biomass for energy purposes and their impact on energy efficiency and GHG reductions as well as land use, landscape, soil quality and biodiversity. In addition, consultancy is provided within renewable energy potentials for micro-energy installations for buildings such as solar panels, heat pumps, small wind turbines, etc. based on register data and GIS analyses as well as social acceptance of energy technologies by users.
Impact and externality assessment of energy and transport systems
Department of Environmental Science provides consultancy on how future energy systems and energy consumption will affect the environment, climate and health, as well as the related welfare economic costs, and how negative impacts can be minimized through the choice of technology, regulation and behavior of citizens. The consultancy includes energy efficiency, environmental impacts, advantages and disadvantages of different energy technologies e.g. evaluated by life-cycle analyses. The transport sector poses a special challenge, since it is almost entirely based on fossil fuels. Transition may include alternative fuels like electricity, biofuels, biogas and hydrogen.
Societal Transition to Sustainable Energy
Technological transition to sustainable energy supply will affect and depend on lifestyle and practice for individuals, households, and businesses. Consultancy is offered in relation to how lifestyle, habits, values, and norms and decision-making processes for individuals, households, businesses and communities affect the ability and acceptance of the transition to a sustainable energy supply. Government regulation will play a central role in the transition to sustainable energy systems. Consultancy is provided on how government regulation can promote transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy supply and consumption, and how e.g. planning in areas such as spatial planning and mobility planning can promote this development.
Consultancy within sustainable energy and environment is supported by research with the Strategic Growth Area of Sustainable Energy and Environment within the Department of Environmental Science.